Cells with fully artificial synthesized genome were reported first in 2010 from which a minimalistic genome cell was derived that showed abnormal morphology upon cell division. Recent addition of a group of genes to this minimalistic cell...
Launched on 30th July 2020, Perseverance rover has successfully landed on the Mars surface at Jezero Crater on 18th February 2021, after travelling almost seven months from Earth. Designed specially to collect sample of rocks, Perseverance is the biggest and the best...
MicroRNAs or in short miRNAs (not to be confused with mRNA or messenger RNA) were discovered in 1993 and have been extensively studied in the past two decades or so for their role in regulating gene expression....
Solar wind, the stream of electrically charged particles emanating from the outer atmospheric layer corona of Sun, poses threat to life form and electrical technology based modern human society. Earth’s magnetic field provide protection against the incoming...
Advanced age and comorbidities are known to be high risk factors for COVID-19. Does genetic make-up predispose some people making them more susceptible to severe symptoms? Conversely, does genetic make-up enable some people to have innate immunity...
The plant derived agent, Thapsigargin (TG) has been used in traditional medicine for long time. TG has shown promises as a potential anti-cancer drug because of its biological property to inhibit the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) pump which is...
The Nebra Sky Disk has inspired the logo of the space mission ‘Cosmic Kiss’. This space mission of the European Space Agency is the declaration of love for space. Ideas...
The seven planets in the stellar system of TRAPPIST-1 are similar in densities. Stars in the galaxies have stellar systems comprising mainly of their planets and satellites....
The researchers from the Sloan Digital Sky survey have reported most detailed look at the warp of our home galaxy   Usually, one think of spiral galaxies as a flat disc rotating...
Situated about 600 miles west of coast of Ecuador in Pacific Ocean, Galápagos volcanic islands are known for its rich ecosystems and endemic animal species. This inspired Darwin’s theory of evolution of species. It is known that...
New research expands role of Earth’s magnetic field. In addition to protecting Earth from harmful charged particles in incoming solar wind, it also controls how the energy generated (by charged particles in solar winds) is distributed between...
Gravitational wave was directly detected for the first time in 2015 after a century of its prediction by Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity in 1916. But, the continuous, low frequency Gravitational-wave Background (GWB) that is thought to be present...
NASA recently released the spectacular bright image of the firework galaxy NGC 6946 taken earlier by Hubble space telescope (1)   A galaxy is a system of stars, remnants of...
Brown fat is said to be “good". It is known that it plays an important role in thermogenesis and maintains body temperature when exposed to cold conditions. An increase in amount of BAT and/or its activation has...
PHILIP: Laser-Powered Rover to Explore Super-Cold Lunar Craters for WaterHuman settlements beyond Earth on Moon or on planets like Mars in space have long been the theme of science fiction. However, serious...
Human Proteome Project (HPP) was launched in 2010 after successful completion of Human Genome Project (HGP) to identify, characterise and map human proteome (the entire set of proteins expressed by the human genome). On its tenth anniversary,...
A novel mechanism to explain the different unrelated symptoms of COVID-19 has come to light by exploiting the second fastest Supercomputer in the world known as Summit supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Lab...
Astronomers usually get to hear from the far-off galaxies through high energy radiations like X-rays. It is extremely uncommon to receive relatively lower energy UV radiation from ancient galaxies like AUDs01. Such low energy photons usually get...
Deletion of Phf21b gene is known to be associated with cancer and depression. New research now indicates that timely expression of this gene plays a key role in neural stem cell differentiation and brain development 
Coronaviruses are not new; these are as old as anything in the world and are known to cause common cold among humans for ages. However, its latest variant, the ‘SARS-CoV-2’ currently in news for causing COVID-19 pandemic...
NASA’s ambitious mars mission Mars 2020 was successfully launched on 30 July 2020. Perseverance is the name of the rover.   The main task of Perseverance is to seek signs of ancient life and collect rock...
The freefall of grapefruit from 10 m does not damage the pulp, the Arapaimas fish living in the Amazon resist the attack of piranhas’ triangular teeth arrays, Shells of the abalone sea creature...
Protein expression refers to the synthesis of proteins within cells using information contained in the DNA or gene.  Proteins are responsible for all the biochemical reactions that take place...
NASA’s infra-red observatory Spitzer has recently observed the flare from gigantic binary black hole system OJ 287, within the estimated time interval predicted by the model developed by astrophysicists. This observation has tested different aspects of General...
‘’The central dogma of molecular biology deals with the detailed residue-by-residue transfer of sequential information from DNA to protein via RNA. It states that such information is unidirectional from DNA to protein and cannot be transferred from...

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