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Thiomargarita magnifica, the biggest bacteria have evolved to acquire complexity, becoming of eukaryotic cells. This seems to challenge the traditional idea of a prokaryote. It was in 2009 when scientists had a strange encounter with microbial diversity that exists in...
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), the space observatory designed to conduct infrared astronomy and launched successfully on 25 December 2021 will enable two research teams to study earliest galaxies in the universe. The research teams will use JWST’s powerful...
In recently published papers, researchers have estimated the rate of supernova core collapse in the Milky Way to be 1.63 ± 0.46 events per century. Therefore, given the last supernova event, SN 1987A was observed 35 years ago in...
A new, complete dataset of comprehensive functional trait for all birds, called AVONET, containing measurements of more than 90,000 individual birds has been released courtesy an international effort. This would serve as an excellent resource for teaching and research...
KATRIN experiment mandated to weigh neutrinos has announced a more precise estimate of the upper limit of its mass - neutrinos weigh at most 0.8 eV, i.e., the neutrinos are lighter than 0.8 eV (1 eV = 1.782 x 10-36...
Some microbes in the deep-sea produce oxygen in a hitherto unknown way. In order to generate energy, the archaea species ‘Nitrosopumilus maritimus’ oxidises ammonia, in presence of oxygen, to nitrate. But when researchers sealed the microbes in airtight containers, without...
In order to explore the dark energy, the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) at Berkeley Lab has created largest and most detailed ever 3D map of the Universe by obtaining optical spectra from millions of galaxies and quasars. The...
Scientists have developed the first patient-derived stem cell model of albinism. The model will help studying eye conditions related to oculocutaneous albinism (OCA).   Stem cells are unspecialised. They cannot do any specific function in the body but they can divide...
The researchers have studied the turbulence in Sun’s corona using radio signals sent to Earth by the ultra-low-cost Mars orbiter when the Earth and Mars were in conjunction on the opposite sides of the Sun (the conjunction usually happens...
''....astronomy is a humbling and character-building experience. There is perhaps no better demonstration of the folly of human conceits than this distant image of our tiny world. To me, it underscores our responsibility to deal more kindly with one...
The remain of Britain’s largest ichthyosaur (fish-shaped marine reptiles) has been discovered during routine maintenance work at Rutland Water Nature Reserve, near Egleton, in Rutland. Measuring around 10 metres in length, the ichthyosaur is approximately 180 million years old.  Appearing as dolphin skeleton,...
The Research.fi service, maintained by the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland is to provide Researcher Information service on the portal enabling quick access to information on researchers working in Finland. This will make it easier for users...
Of the several comets discovered in 2021, the comet C/2021 A1, called Comet Leonard after it’s discoverer Gregory Leonard, may become visible to the naked eye on 12 December 2021 when it comes closest to the Earth (at the distance of...
Studies of the regions of Y chromosome that are inherited together (haplogroups), reveal Europe has four population groups, namely R1b-M269, I1-M253, I2-M438 and R1a-M420, pointing to four distinct paternal origins. R1b-M269 group is the most common group that is present in countries of...
The mineral Davemaoite (CaSiO3-perovskite, the third most abundant mineral in lower mantle layer of Earth’s interior) has been discovered on the surface of the Earth for the first time. It was found trapped inside a diamond. Perovskite is found naturally ONLY in...
Ancient people thought we are made up of four ‘elements’ - water, earth, fire and air; which we know are not elements and there are now some 118 elements. All elements are made up of atoms which were once...
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will specialise exclusively in infrared astronomy to study early universe. It will search for optical/infrared signals from the early stars and galaxies formed in the Universe soon after the Big Bang for a better...
LZTFL1 expression causes high levels of TMPRSS2, by inhibiting EMT (epithelial mesenchymal transition), a developmental response involved in wound healing and recovery from disease. In a similar manner to TMPRSS2, LZTFL1 represents a potential drug target that can be utilized to...
A nebula is a star-forming, massive region of interstellar cloud of dust in the galaxy. Looking like a monster, this is image of a massive nebula in our home galaxy Milky Way.   The image was captured by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope.  These types of regions cannot...
TMPRSS2 is an important drug target to develop anti-viral drugs against COVID-19. MM3122 is a lead candidate that has shown promising result in vitro and in animal models.   Hunt is on for discovering novel anti-viral drugs against COVID-19, a disease that has...
The oldest evidence of artificial mummification in the world comes from pre-historic Chinchorro culture of South America (in present Northern Chile) which is older than Egyptian by about two millennia. Chinchorro’s artificial mummification began about 5050 BC (against Egypt's 3600 BC).  Every life ceases one day. Since the time...
Discovery of the first exoplanet candidate in X-ray binary M51-ULS-1 in the spiral galaxy Messier 51 (M51), also called the Whirlpool Galaxy using transit technique by observing dips in brightness at X-ray wavelengths (instead of optical wavelengths) is pathbreaking and a game changer because it...
The bird is native to Asia and Africa and its food consists of insects such as ants, wasps and honey bees. Known for its bright plumage and long central tail feathers.
Ficus Religiosa or Sacred fig is a fast growing strangling climber capable of growing in various climatic zones and soil types. This tree is said to live for over three thousand years.
The complete human genome sequence of the two X chromosomes and autosomes from the female tissue derived cell line has been completed. This includes the 8% of the genome sequence that was missing in the original draft that was...

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