Coronaviruses are not new; these are as old as anything in the world and are known to cause common cold among humans for ages. However, its latest variant, the ‘SARS-CoV-2’ currently in news for causing COVID-19 pandemic is new.   Often,...
Deletion of Phf21b gene is known to be associated with cancer and depression. New research now indicates that timely expression of this gene plays a key role in neural stem cell differentiation and brain development  A latest research published in...
A novel mechanism to explain the different unrelated symptoms of COVID-19 has come to light by exploiting the second fastest Supercomputer in the world known as Summit supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Lab in Tennessee. The study involved analysing 2.5...
Case study reports first rare semi-identical twins in humans to be identified during pregnancy and only second ever known till now Identical twins (monozygotic) are conceived when cells from a single egg are fertilized by a single sperm and they...
The plant derived agent, Thapsigargin (TG) has been used in traditional medicine for long time. TG has shown promises as a potential anti-cancer drug because of its biological property to inhibit the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) pump which is necessary for...
MicroRNAs or in short miRNAs (not to be confused with mRNA or messenger RNA) were discovered in 1993 and have been extensively studied in the past two decades or so for their role in regulating gene expression. miRNAs are...
A new study reveals that bacterial DNA can be read either forwards or backwards due to the presence of symmetry in their DNA signals1. This finding challenges the existing knowledge about gene transcription, the mechanism by which the genes...
A new geometrical shape has been discovered which enables three-dimensional packing of epithelial cells when making curved tissues and organs. Every living organism begins as a single cell, which then divide into more cells, which further divide and subdivide until...
Androgens such as testosterone are generally viewed simplistically as creating aggression, impulsivity and antisocial behaviours. However, androgens influence behaviour in a complex way which includes promoting both pro- and antisocial behaviours, with a behavioural trend to increase social status1....
The ambitious mission of replicating the human brain onto a computer and achieving immortality. Multiple research shows that we could well imagine a future where infinite number of humans can upload their minds to the computer thus having an actual...
The complete human genome sequence of the two X chromosomes and autosomes from the female tissue derived cell line has been completed. This includes the 8% of the genome sequence that was missing in the original draft that was...
A recent 12 week trial comparing a normal carbohydrate-containing diet to the ketogenic diet in Alzheimer's Disease patients discovered that those who underwent a ketogenic diet increased their quality of life and activities of daily living outcomes, whilst also...
Study shows promise for treating genetic disease in a mammal during foetal development in the first three months of a pregnancy A genetic disorder is a condition or a disease which is caused by abnormal changes or mutations in a...
Humans would not have existed without viruses because viral protein plays a key role in the development of human embryo. However, at times, they pose existential threats in the form of diseases as in the case of current COVID-19...
Advanced age and comorbidities are known to be high risk factors for COVID-19. Does genetic make-up predispose some people making them more susceptible to severe symptoms? Conversely, does genetic make-up enable some people to have innate immunity making them...
‘Several questions about origin of life have been answered, but much remains to be studied’’ said Stanley Miller and Harold Urey way back in 1959 after reporting laboratory synthesis of amino acids in primitive earth conditions. Many advances down...
A first study has shown how an animal society actively reorganizes itself to reduce the spread of disease. Generally speaking, high population density in a geographical region is the biggest factor which contributes to faster spread of a disease. When...
‘’The central dogma of molecular biology deals with the detailed residue-by-residue transfer of sequential information from DNA to protein via RNA. It states that such information is unidirectional from DNA to protein and cannot be transferred from protein to...
Scientists have demonstrated for the first time a multiple-person ‘brain-to-brain’ interface where three persons collaborated to complete a task via direct ‘brain-to-brain’ communication. This interface called BrainNet paves way for direct collaboration between brains for solving a problem. A brain-to-brain interface in...
For the first time dormant multicellular organisms’ nematodes were revived after being buried in permafrost deposits for thousands of years. In quite an interesting discovery made by a team of Russian researchers, ancient roundworms (also called nematodes) which had solidified...
This first case of genetic manipulation in a lizard has created a model organism that could help gain further understanding of reptile evolution and development CRISPR-Cas9 or simply CRISPR is a unique, fast and inexpensive gene editing tool which enables...
Gingko trees lives for thousands years by evolving compensatory mechanisms to maintain a balance between growth and ageing. Ginkgo biloba, a deciduous gymnosperm tree native to China is known commonly as health supplement and as herbal medicine. It is also known...
Adult frogs have been shown for the first time to regrow amputated legs marking it as a breakthrough for organ regeneration. Regeneration means re-growing a damaged or missing part of an organ from residual tissue. Adult humans can successfully regenerate...
In a breakthrough study, first primates have been successfully cloned using the same technique used to clone the first mammal Dolly the sheep. The first ever primates have been cloned using a method called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), the technique which...
The Human Genome Project revealed that ~1-2% of our genome makes functional proteins while the role of the remaining 98-99% remains enigmatic. Researchers have tried to uncover the mysteries surrounding the same and this article throws light on our...

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