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Viral proteins are administered as antigen in the form of a vaccine and the immune system of the body forms antibodies against the given antigen thus providing protection against any future infection. Interestingly, this is first time in human history...
Anti-viral properties of manuka honey are due to the presence of methylglyoxal (MG), an arginine directed glycating agent that modifies sites specifically present in the SARS-CoV-2 genome, thereby interfering with its replication and inhibiting the virus. In addition, manuka...
Several new strains of the virus have emerged since the pandemic began. New variants were reported as early as February 2020. The current variant that has brought the UK to standstill this Christmas is said to be 70% more...
Plastic pollution poses a major threat to ecosystems worldwide especially marine environment as most of the plastics used and discarded reach finally in rivers and oceans. This is responsible for the imbalance of marine ecosystems causing harm to oceanic...
Deletion of Phf21b gene is known to be associated with cancer and depression. New research now indicates that timely expression of this gene plays a key role in neural stem cell differentiation and brain development  A latest research published in...
In June 2020, RECOVERY trial from a group of researchers in Oxford University UK reported use of low-cost dexamethasone1 for treatment of severely ill COVID-19 patients by reducing inflammation. Recently, a protein-based drug, called Aviptadil, has been fast tracked by FDA...
Existing biologics such as Canakinumab (monoclonal antibody), Anakinra (monoclonal antibody) and Rilonacept (fusion protein) can be exploited as therapeutics that restrain inflammation in COVID-19 patients. In addition, designer monoclonal antibodies can provide passive immunity by neutralizing the SARS-CoV-2 virus...
NASA’s infra-red observatory Spitzer has recently observed the flare from gigantic binary black hole system OJ 287, within the estimated time interval predicted by the model developed by astrophysicists. This observation has tested different aspects of General Relativity, the...
‘’The central dogma of molecular biology deals with the detailed residue-by-residue transfer of sequential information from DNA to protein via RNA. It states that such information is unidirectional from DNA to protein and cannot be transferred from protein to...
‘Several questions about origin of life have been answered, but much remains to be studied’’ said Stanley Miller and Harold Urey way back in 1959 after reporting laboratory synthesis of amino acids in primitive earth conditions. Many advances down...
The Human Genome Project revealed that ~1-2% of our genome makes functional proteins while the role of the remaining 98-99% remains enigmatic. Researchers have tried to uncover the mysteries surrounding the same and this article throws light on our...
Several studies indicate that activation of NLRP3 inflammasome is responsible for acute respiratory distress syndrome and/or acute lung injury (ARDS/ALI) seen in severely ill COVID-19 patients which often result in death due to multiple organ failure. This suggests NLRP3...
Humans would not have existed without viruses because viral protein plays a key role in the development of human embryo. However, at times, they pose existential threats in the form of diseases as in the case of current COVID-19...
T2K, a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment in Japan, has recently reported an observation where they have detected a strong evidence of a difference between fundamental physical properties of neutrinos and that of the corresponding antimatter counterpart, anti-neutrinos. This observation...
Laboratory tests for diagnosis of COVID-19 currently in practice as advised by the international bodies of experts are reviewed and evaluated. The COVID-19 disease, that originated in Wuhan China, has affected more than 208 countries till now. The scientific community...

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