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Fire was reported in Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant (ZNPP) in South-East of Ukraine amidst ongoing crisis in the region. The site is not affected. There is no reported change in radiation levels at the plant which is protected by...
In recently published papers, researchers have estimated the rate of supernova core collapse in the Milky Way to be 1.63 ± 0.46 events per century. Therefore, given the last supernova event, SN 1987A was observed 35 years ago in...
RNA technology has proved its worth recently in development of mRNA vaccines BNT162b2 (of Pfizer/BioNTech) and mRNA-1273 (of Moderna) against COVID-19. Based on degrading the coding RNA in animal model, French scientists have reported a potent strategy and proof of...
The search for a universal COVID-19 vaccine, effective against all present and future variants of coronaviruses is an imperative. The idea is to focus on the less-mutating, most conserved region of the virus, instead of the region that frequently mutates....
Some microbes in the deep-sea produce oxygen in a hitherto unknown way. In order to generate energy, the archaea species ‘Nitrosopumilus maritimus’ oxidises ammonia, in presence of oxygen, to nitrate. But when researchers sealed the microbes in airtight containers, without...
Scientists have developed the first patient-derived stem cell model of albinism. The model will help studying eye conditions related to oculocutaneous albinism (OCA).   Stem cells are unspecialised. They cannot do any specific function in the body but they can divide...
The researchers have studied the turbulence in Sun’s corona using radio signals sent to Earth by the ultra-low-cost Mars orbiter when the Earth and Mars were in conjunction on the opposite sides of the Sun (the conjunction usually happens...
Deltacron is not a new strain or variant but a case of co-infection with two variants of SARS-CoV-2. Over the past two years, different variants have emerged of the SARS CoV-2 strain with varying degree of infectivity and disease...
Being both carbon-free and nuclear-free is not going to be easy for Germany and European Union (EU) when trying to meet the target of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to keep temperature rises within 1.5oC. Over 75% of...
A clinical trial for pregnant women at high risk of a low-birth-weight baby has demonstrated that Mediterranean diet or mindfulness-based stress reduction interventions during pregnancy reduce the prevalence of low birth weight by 29-36%.   Low birth weight babies (birth weight...
Three adenoviruses used as vectors to produce COVID-19 vaccines, bind to platelet factor 4 (PF4), a protein implicated in the pathogenesis of clotting disorders.  Adenovirus based COVID-19 vaccines such as Oxford/AstraZeneca’s ChAdOx1 use the weakened and genetically modified version of common cold...
The technology used by Cuba to develop protein-based vaccines against COVID-19 can lead to development of vaccines against new mutated strains in a relatively easier manner. World’s first protein conjugate vaccines have been developed by exploiting the RBD (receptor binding...
Self-assembled nanostructures formed using supramolecular polymers containing peptide amphiphiles (PAs) containing bio active sequences have shown great results in mouse model of SCI and holds immense promise, in humans, for an effective treatment of this debilitating condition that severely impacts the quality of life...
The B.1.1.529 variant was first reported to WHO from South Africa on 24th November 2021. The first known confirmed B.1.1.529 infection was from a specimen collected on 9th November 20211. Another source2 indicates that this variant was first detected in samples collected on...
COVID-19 situation across Europe and central Asia is very serious. According to WHO, Europe could face over 2 million COVID-19 deaths by March 2022. Wearing masks, physical distancing and vaccination are key preventive actions that could help avoid reaching this...
Resistance to COVID-19 infection has been observed in health care workers and has been attributed to the presence of memory T cells that target the RNA polymerase in the RTC (replication transcription complex), thereby preventing infection. This makes RNA...
Climate change as a result of global warming attributed to excessive greenhouse emissions in the atmosphere is a serious threat to the societies across the world. In response, the stakeholders are working towards reduction of carbon emissions in the atmosphere...
UK Space Agency will support two new projects. The first envisages using satellite to monitor and map heat in locations at greatest risk from climate change. Development of a prototype Climate Risk Index tool (CRISP) is the second project...
Ancient people thought we are made up of four ‘elements’ - water, earth, fire and air; which we know are not elements and there are now some 118 elements. All elements are made up of atoms which were once...
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will specialise exclusively in infrared astronomy to study early universe. It will search for optical/infrared signals from the early stars and galaxies formed in the Universe soon after the Big Bang for a better...
LZTFL1 expression causes high levels of TMPRSS2, by inhibiting EMT (epithelial mesenchymal transition), a developmental response involved in wound healing and recovery from disease. In a similar manner to TMPRSS2, LZTFL1 represents a potential drug target that can be utilized to...
TMPRSS2 is an important drug target to develop anti-viral drugs against COVID-19. MM3122 is a lead candidate that has shown promising result in vitro and in animal models.   Hunt is on for discovering novel anti-viral drugs against COVID-19, a disease that has...
The oldest evidence of artificial mummification in the world comes from pre-historic Chinchorro culture of South America (in present Northern Chile) which is older than Egyptian by about two millennia. Chinchorro’s artificial mummification began about 5050 BC (against Egypt's 3600 BC).  Every life ceases one day. Since the time...
Developing vaccine against malaria has been among the biggest challenges before science. MosquirixTM , a vaccine against malaria has recently been approved by WHO. Although the efficacy of this vaccine is about 37%, yet this is great step forward as this...
Coronaviruses are RNA viruses belonging to coronaviridae family. These viruses display remarkably high rates of errors during replication due to lack of proofreading nuclease activity of their polymerases. In other organisms, the replication errors are corrected but the coronaviruses lack this ability. As...

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